Cultural Evolution That Took Place With Homo Sapiens
The cultural evolution of people is one element that defines how human came to inhabit the entire universe.The homo sapiens, considered our ancestors, had a rich culture from which the modern human beings, homo sapiens sapiens, borrowed theirs. This species usually obtained their food through hunting and gathering. Their hunting tools were traditionally made of stone which developed with time. Even though the continued interaction with each other has eroded the cultural activities of various communities, there are still those communities which have managed to maintain their culture. For instance, in the Amazon, there is a collection of cities which have never made contact with the ‘modern’ world and still live in the forest, hunting and building their houses on the trees. Many people have tried picturing how life was like then; others come up with hoaxes with the intention of promoting their perspective of the ‘early man.’ The pre-occupational goals that make up the upper Paleolithic stage define human evolution to the development of stone tools improvised for hunting and preparation of food (Lieberman, 148).
The evolution of human in the upper Paleolithic stage is well outlined by the art that dominated the period. The evidence of stained beads and engraved Ochre was a symbol art during this stage in general (Lieberman, 149).One may wonder why the modern man managed to outlive the other human species. This question may find its answer in the fact that the contemporary man managed to conquer the world and control it. The ability of the human being to control the world was more of a process rather than an activity, that is, it took them time to achieve it. From the Darwinian Theory, the evolution of the human species did not only affect their physical appearance but also their brain. With each step of the development, the human mind became more and more intelligent (Lieberman). Their hunting methods became better and less tiresome, they even began domesticating animals and tilling the land for their food.
The stone ages saw the development of the human culture to what it is today. The art of domesticating animals and tilling the land developed. Due to the developed urge to own property, disputes, and was produced between different people, families and even communities. Since every party wanted to win these wars, they were always developing better war tools than their foes. This constant war on superiority led to the development of even better farming tools. Also, due to the continued urge to become ‘better’ than the rest, the brains of the species developed with time. Through the development of a better farming method, people now. As the wars on property and superiority intensified, higher populations meant winning the battles. However, with all these developments, diseases and other social illnesses were also on the rise. This, then, prompted the development of medicine and professional medical practitioners. In the upper Paleolithic period, the Homo sapiens were able to come up with better settlements as well as artifacts. Drilling and piercing tools are known to have been developed during this period. Better medical procedures developed during this period ensured humans had better health care. As people interacted, they were able to borrow some cultural practices, hence diversifying and enriching the culture of the modern human. Dynasties and kingdoms were also developed during the Paleolithic period where people were sharing the same culture combined their efforts in making their community better (Lieberman).
The presence of the "Paleolithic bodies is a significant issue in the society today it creates a considerable challenge in the way to handle the distance between the modern man and the ancient one. The clones of DNA continues to bring much criticism on the reality of the reality of evolution (Lieberman, 147). The cultural changes over time can be seen as responsible for the success that the humans enjoy today. Despite lacking natural powers of their own, the human beings have managed to manipulate what is available to them and managed to colonize the world. The continued growth and development of their brains have also given them the opportunity to come up with better means of solving their problems. As discussed earlier, this development has both positive and negative consequences on the humans. The more natural methods of acquiring food and living in better conditions are some of the positive impacts. Diseases and social evils have also impacted the human beings negatively.
Lieberman, Daniel. The Story Of The Human Body. 1st ed., Pantheon Books, 2013.